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Q319 : Who are the “sons of god” in Job 1:6?

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Q319 : Who are the “sons of god” in Job 1:6?

Can you explain who the 'sons of God' are in Job 1:6?

A319 : by Tony Garland

As I mention in my response to a similar question regarding Genesis 6:2 :

The phrase “son of God” is specifically used to denote those whose origin is directly of God. Thus, it is used of Adam (Luke 3:38), angels (Job 1:6; 2:1; 38:7), Jesus (Pr. 30:4, Mat. 4:3, 6, etc. and possibly Dan. 3:25), and born-again believers (Mat. 5:9; Luke 20:36; John 1:12; Rom. 8:14,19; Gal. 3:26). In the Old Testament, aside from the passage in question, it is used exclusively of angels (Job 1:6; 2:1; 38:7). Moreover, the Septuagint in combination with fragments from the Dead Sea Scrolls infer an early Jewish interpretation of these “sons of God” as angels:1

A fragment from [Dea Sea Scroll] Cave IV containing Deu. 32:8 reads, “according to the number of the sons of God,” which is translated “angels of God” by the LXX, as in Genesis 6:4 (margin); Job 1:6; 2:1; and 38:7. The Masoretic Text reads, “according to the number of the children of Israel.”2

In the case of Job 1:6, the phrase “sons of God” refers to angels.


Endnotes:

1.Q117, 1
2.Ref-0075, 367


Sources:

Q117Who are the “sons of God” in Genesis 6?a
Ref-0075Normal L. Geisler and William E. Nix, A General Introduction To The Bible (Chicago: Moody Press, 1986).


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