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5.2.30 - Hifil

An Aramaic verb stem. “Biblical Aramaic, ‘stem’ refers to the relationship of the verb’s subject to the action of the verb. That is, stems convey grammatical ‘voice’ relationships. The hifil stem indicates the causative sense of verbs. That is, the subject of the verb in the hifil stem causes the object of the verb to participate in the action of the verb as a sort of “undersubject” or “secondary subject”. In the sentence ‘Bob caused the car to crash,’ the direct object [car] participates in the action that the subject [Bob] caused.”1 See Afel, Hafel, Hifil, Hitafel, Hitpaal, Hitpeel, and Peal.

Notes

1 Michael S. Heiser, Glossary of Morpho-Syntactic Database Terminology (Bellingham, WA: Logos Bible Software, 2005), s.v. “Hifil.”


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