An independent and wealthy city, rebuilt
after earthquake of A.D. 60 without Roman aid.
Garment manufacturing center, famous for sales of woolen garments
Medical school which produced an ointment for ears and eyes
Close fellowship with church in Colossae
3:14 - Laodicea - titles
the Amen, the Faithful and True Witness
is derived from a Hebrew word meaning "certainty" or "a realiable support." Jesus emphasizes His faithful and true witness because of His assessment of
this church--without commendation! The verity of His witness is emphasized
in passages concerning
judgment (Rev. 19:11).
the Beginning of the creation of God
"the Beginning" is
arche . Here it takes the
efficient cause. He is "the Beginner" of creation
3:15 - Laodicea - criticism
I could wish you were cold or hot
An allusion to the mediocre temperature of the water supply at Laodicea
which was probably brought by an aquaduct from Denizli (5 miles distant).
Why would Jesus prefer
Inconsistency of conviction
is more damaging and
irretrievable than the wrong conviction consistently held!.
because you are lukewarm... I will vomit you out
Lukewarm -- the church was at peace with the culture, no longer a shining
light. When hearts harden to the point where repentance and return will not
be forthcoming, God turns men loose to their own destruction
I am rich
The independence and affluence of the city of Laodicea had infected the
culture and the culture had infected the church! Independence of God is
have need of nothing
The classic pattern of those blessed by God is to mistake His blessing for
their own abilities
(Deu. 8:11-15). This is the USA today!!
do not know... wretched, miserable, poor, blind, naked
is "afflicted." Miserable
is "pitiable." Their blindness made them pitiable. They
did not know
they were naked! This is a common situation among churches of our day.
3:18 - Laodicea - exhortation
I counsel you to buy from Me
They were wealthy and making purchases, but from the
gold... white garments... eye salve
The remedies for the previous ills, for they were
They were naked, exposed, and their sin required a
They were clothed in their own "righteousness" (Pr. 20:6;
rather than the righteousness provided by God
See lesson discussing
are promised to the church at Sardis.
anoint your eyes with eye salve that you may see
An allusion to the opththalmology associated with the city.
They needed the illumination of the Holy Spirit, the
to see their own condition from God's perspective
as many as I love, I rebuke and chasten
The church at Laodicea could take comfort in Christ's rebuke because it
indicated His love for them. God chastens those who are His legitimate
be zealous... repent
ze'leue , present tense: "be continually full of zeal!" The same root word for "hot" in
3:20 - Laodicea - promises
I stand at the door and knock
The door could represent:
Close fellowship with God
Salvation of the individual
The One Whose church it is now stands
! He has been shut out.
come in to him and dine with Him
Denotes intimate fellowship, either for the lukewarm believer or the one
who has not yet responded to God.
Communion (the Lord's supper) is a precursor to the time when
Jesus will dine with believers in the Millennial Kingdom
3:21 - Laodicea - overcomer
sit with me
They will sit with Christ as He sits with His Father. This speaks of the
co-rule of the saints
My throne... His throne
Jesus is not now ruling from
throne, but will rule from the
throne of David
upon His return.
3:22 - Laodicea - let him hear
last mention of Church
This is the last mention of "church" (ekklesi'a )
until the last chapter
The events which follow
on the earth
take place when the Church is no longer present.
The pretribulational rapture is not
from this observation, but this fact supports what is taught
elsewhere concerning the timing of the Rapture of the church.
For additional information on this topic, see the commentary.