"As it is written"
where Isaiah describes messengers who carry God's message and proclaim
peace (between God and man) and salvation.
"How beautiful are the feet"
are the first link in the chain of salvation:
call on Him (a specific
"those who bring glad tidings"
The message is good news because it concerns eternal life.
The purpose of missions is not so that people can have a more fulfilling
life. It is because they are
without the knowledge of faith in Christ.
Even people with great knowledge of God (e.g., orthodox Jews) are lost
without faith in Jesus Christ. Men are responsible to respond to God's
10:16 - Who Has Believed?
"they have not all obeyed the gospel"
huPĒkousan,"to listen to."
the message, but did not embrace its contents.
"Who has believed our report?"
which introduces an extremely detailed
prophecy of the redemptive work of Jesus. This clear passage is
avoided or denied by unbelieving Jews. The problem is not
10:17 - Hearing by the Word
"hearing by the word"
This is not just words that are
but which are
and spoken such that they can be audibly
"the word of God"
Hearing requires the
word of God
-- the message of the Bible. General revelation is
insufficient to save!
10:18 - To the Ends of the World
"have they not heard?"
"Have they not"
mē ouk, a double-negative which implies a negative response. Paul is saying,
"Have they IN NO WAY heard?"
to which he answers,
"No, they HAVE heard!"
"to all the earth"
The universal accessibility of general revelation is emphasized by
appearing first in the sentence:
"Into all the earth it went out, the sound of them . . ."
"their words to the ends of the world"
Again, the sentence emphasizes the universal scope of general revelation:
"Into the ends of the [inhabited] world the [spoken] words of them . . ."
"[the] inhabitants of the world."
General revelation speaks to
creatures -- mankind.
A Universal Message
showing that, like all other nations, Israel was given general revelation
of God in nature. However,
unlike all other nations,
Israel was also given special revelation of God -- the Law of Moses
( Ps. 19:7-11 )
General Revelation Points to God
General revelation points people to God but is insufficient to save.
If man rejects God's general revelation, he is lost
( Rom. 1:18-22 )
10:19 - Provoked to Jealousy
"I will provoke you to jealousy"
The Greek emphasizes God's action in initiating the provocation:
"I, [even] I will provoke . . ."
parazēLŌsō,"to incite a protective reaction,"
"those who are not a nation . . . a foolish nation"
Song of Moses
which predicts Israel's idolatry.
In the Hebrew the phrase is:
be lo-'am be goy,
"by not-a-people, by Gentiles, heathen."
"foolish in a moral sense."
The Gentiles were generally ignorant of God's law, the Law of Moses which
was given to Israel.
10:20-21 - Found by Those Who Did Not Seek
"found by those who did not seek me"
which predicted that Gentile's would seek and find God even as Israel
emphaNĒs,"to make visible, to reveal."
The Gentiles were in the
not having the Law of Moses. But many passages prophesied that they would
come to the
of the gospel and faith in God
"who did not seek . . . who did not ask"
Present tense participles: they found God
while not seeking
while not asking.
This indicates that the action was entirely initiated by God--it was
who provoked Israel by revealing Himself to the Gentiles.
"a disobedient and contrary people"
apeiTHOUNta,"while disobeying due to disbelief."
They refused to believe.
antiLEgonta, made up of
"while speaking against,"
The Gospel is Necessary for Salvation
- General revelation points to God, but cannot save. Additional special
revelation is necessary to be saved. This comes by way of those who are
born again and carry the message of the gospel to the unsaved.
This is our job as believers.
Evangelization is Beautiful
- Those who carry the message of the gospel are called
by God. Although our message may be rejected and we may face
persecution, God considers our task to be one of beauty.
Faith Depends Upon the Word of God
- Faith comes by hearing and believing the simple Word of God.
Worldly philosophy and other deep mysteries cannot provide salvation.
The Word of God is found in the Bible. Do you know the message of the
Bible? Are you equipped to proclaim it?
Gentiles Are to Make the Jews Jealous
- Does your relationship with Jesus
exhibit a joy and intimacy that an unbelieving Jew would desire?