Historic Timeline of Israel


Date

Event

Rule

1921
B.C.

Abraham enters Canaan.
Abrahamic covenant initiated.

Canaaanite

1896

Isaac born.

1836

Jacob (Israel) born.

1706

Jacobís family relocates to Egypt.

1491

Exodus of Israel out of Egypt (nation of Israel born).
Mosaic Covenant given.

1451

Israel enters the promised land under Joshua.

1055 - 1015

King David reigns.

Israelite

1015-975

King Solomon reigns.

1012

Solomonís Temple established.

975

Kingdom divides, two tribes (Judah, Benjamin) to the south under Rehoboam, ten tribes to the north under Jeroboam.

721

Assyrian dispersion of Northern Kingdom.

612

Fall of Ninevah to Babylon.

606

Daniel taken captive to Babylon.

Babylonian

605

Fall of Charchemish to Babylon.

586

Final (3rd) fall of Judah to Babylon.
Solomonís Temple destroyed.

538

Babylon falls to Cyrus (Persia).

Persian

536

Cyrus frees Jews, decree to rebuild Temple.

516

Zerubbabelís Temple completed.

331

Persia falls to Alexander (Greece).

Greek

323

Alexander dies.

301

Ptolemy rules Judea.

250

Septuagint (LXX) translated in Alexandria, Egypt.

167

Antiochus IV sparks Hasmonean revolt. (Hanukkah 167.)

63

Pompey takes Jerusalem. Judea becomes Roman protectorate.

Roman and Byzantine

37

Herod The Great begins rule.

6-4
B.C.

Jesus Born

30-32
A.D.

Crucifixion of Jesus.

Roman and Byzantine

66-73

First Jewish revolt.

70

Destruction of Zerubbabels/Herodís Temple.

132-135

Second Jewish revolt under Bar Kokhba

638

Omar takes Jerusalem.

Arab

1099-1244

Crusades

Crusader

1291

Mamluks defeat Crusaders.

Mamluk

1478-1765

Inquisition

1516

Ottomans conquer Mamluks.

Ottoman

1290

Expulsion of Jews from England.

1306

Expulsion of Jews from France.

1348

The Black Death

1492

Expulsion of Jews from Spain.

1495

Explusion of Jews from Lithuania.

1497

Expulsion of Jews from Portugal.

1499-1552

Expulsion of Jews from many German states.

1874

Jewish Prime Minister of England (Benjamin Disraeli).

1887

First Zionist Congress (Herzl).

1917

Balfour Declaration

1920

British Mandate

British

1940-1945

Holocaust, 6 million Jews (34 %) exterminated.

1947

United Nations Partition Plan

1948

Establishment of state of Israel, first Arab-Israeli war.

Israelite (except Jerusalem)

1956

Suez crisis; second Arab-Israeli war.

1964

PLO established.

1967

Third Arab-Israeli war (Six-Day War)

1973

Fourth Arab-Israeli war (Yom Kippur War)

1978

Camp David I peace talks.

1982

Israel invades Lebanon; withdraws from Sinai.

1985

Israel withdraws from Lebanon.

1988

PLO recognizes state of Israel.

1993

Oslo I Accords between Israel and PLO.

1994

Limited Palestinian autonomy in Gaza Strip.

1995

Oslo II - Israel and PLO sign agreement on West Bank autonomy.Rabin assassinated.

2000

Camp David II talks failed.

2001

Talks in Taba, Egypt fail.

 

Sources:

Barnavi, Eli. A Historical Atlas Of The Jewish People. New York, NY: Schocken Books, 1992.

Gilbert, Martin. The Illustrated Atlas Of Jewish Civilization: 4,000 Years Of Jewish History. New York, NY: Macmillan Publishing Company, 1990.

Jones, Floyd Nolen. Chronology Of The Old Testament. Woodlands, TX: KingsWord Press, 1999.

Parker, Philip and Thomas Cussans. Hammond Atlas Of World History. London, England: Harper Collins Publishers, 1999.

Potok's, Chaim. Wandering's. New York, NY: Ballantine Books, 1978.

 

Jews in the Diaspora

Date

In Israel

Outside Israel

700 B.C.

80%

20%

200 A.D.

20%

80%

1600 A.D.

1%

99%

1991 A.D.

32%

68%

Source:Barnavi, Eli, A Historical Atlas Of The Jewish People, (New York, NY: Schocken Books, 1992), pp. xii-xiii.