Winter 2002 Adult Bible Fellowship, Session 9: "Israel Through the Eyes of Scripture"

The Significance Of Pentecost

  

©

; 2003 www.SpiritAndTruth.org1

Important changes took place on the day of Pentecost, the birthday of the church. The way of salvation was not changed, always having been by grace through faith. But the relationship of the Holy Spirit among the people of faith changed in important ways which are unique to the church age. An awareness of the historic significance of the Day of Pentecost helps us to appreciate important distinctions in God’s historic plan of redemption.

  1. What didn’t change: the way of salvation.

Way of Salvation (unchanged at Pentecost)

Element

Before Pentecost

After Pentecost

Man’s Condition

spiritually dead,
totally depraved2

spiritually dead, totally depraved3

Means of Regeneration

born of the Spirit4

born of the Spirit5

Object of Faith

God

God

Basis of Salvation

blood of Christ6

blood of Christ7

Requirement of Salvation

by grace through faith8

by grace through faith9



  1. What changed: the ministry and relationship of the Holy Spirit with believers and the role of believers in God’s historic plan of redemption.

Divine Program: Role in Redemptive History (changed at Pentecost)

Element

Before Pentecost

After Pentecost

Content of Faith

progressive revelation of a coming redeemer10

Jesus Christ the Redeemer11

Expression of Faith

follow the Mosaic law, offer animal sacrifices12

follow the law of Christ, practice the sacraments, walk by the Spirit13

Holy Spirit Baptism

not yet given14

yes, body of Christ15

Relation to Spirit

comes upon, fills,16 taken17

indwells, seals18

Spiritual Gifting

as needed, individually19

all believers20

World Evangelism

no21

yes22

God’s Dwelling Place

within Holy of Holies23

within believers, the church24

Priesthood

Levites25

all believers26

Jew/Gentile Separation

Mosaic Law27

one new man28



1 Copyright ©

; 2003 www.SpiritAndTruth.org. Unmodified copies of this document, in its entirety, may be freely distributed for non-commercial use.

2 Gen. 2:17; Jer. 17:9; John 3:3

3 John 3:3; 1 Cor. 2:14; Col. 2:13

4 John 3:5,10. “Whatever salvation was wrought in Old Testament times was wrought by the Holy Spirit...” Lewis S. Chafer, Systematic Theology (Dallas: Dallas Theological Seminary, 1976), 6:74.

5 1 Pet. 1:3, 23; 1 Jn. 5:1

6 Gen. 3:21; Ex. 12:13; Lev. 17:11; Isa. 53:10

7 Mat. 26:28; Acts 20:28; Eph. 1:7; 1 Pet. 1:9

8 Gen. 15:6; Hab. 2:4

9 Eph. 2:5-8; 2 Tim. 1:9

10 Gen. 3:15; 15:6; 22:14; 49:10

11 John 1:29, 36; 1 Cor. 5:7

12 This is but one example of works resulting from saving faith (operative after the giving of the Law at Sinai). The expression of faith differs in various dispensations.

13 Rom. 8:1, 4-6; 1 Cor. 9:21; Gal. 5:16; Gal. 6:2

14 Mat. 3:11; 16:18; Luke 11:13; John 7:38-39; John 14:17-20; John 16:7; Acts 1:5,8

15 Acts 2:2-4; Acts 11:15-16; Rom. 6:3; 8:9; 1 Cor. 12:13, 27; Gal. 3:27; Eph. 1:22-23; 3:2-6; Col. 1:18

16 Num. 24:2; Jdg. 3:10; 6:34; 1S. 10:6; 19:20; 2 Chr. 15:1; 20:14; Luke 1:67

17 1S. 16:13-14; Ps. 51:11

18 John 14:16; 2 Cor. 1:22; Eph. 1:13

19 Ex. 31:3; Num. 11:17, 25; Jdg. 3:10

20 1 Cor. 12:7,11; 1 Pe. 4:10. Gifts given at Christ’s ascension, Eph. 4:8-12

21 Mat. 10:5-6; Mat. 15:24. Israel was to be a holy nation and demonstrate the reality of Jehovah as a nation, but never was given the Great Commission of the church.

22 Mat. 28:19-20

23 Ex. 25:8, 22; Num. 7:89; 1 Sam. 4:4; Isa. 37:16

24 1 Cor. 6:19; 2 Cor. 6:16; Eph. 2:21

25 Ex. 28:1; Luke 1:5

26 1 Pe. 2:5-9; Rev. 1:6. “Old Testament priests were Levites. New Testament priests wear levis!

27 Post Sinai.

28 Rom. 11:25-26, 32; 1 Cor. 12:12-13; Gal. 3:28; 6:15; Eph. 2:15; Col. 3:11. “There are no longer any special qualifications like nationality. All such barriers have been removed..” Millard Erickson, Christian Theology (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House, 1985), 1038.

March 26, 2013 Tony Garland, www.SpiritAndTruth.org Page 1 of 2

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