|Meaning||remnant,1 those escaping,2 renovation,3 the sun, red ones, prince of joy4|
|Titles||And to the angel of the church in Sardis write, ’These things says He who has the seven Spirits of God and the seven stars: (Rev. 3:1a+)|
|Commendation||You have a few names even in Sardis who have not defiled their garments (Rev. 3:4+).|
|Criticism||I know your works, that you have a name that you are alive, but you are dead (Rev. 3:1b+).|
|Exhortation||Be watchful, and strengthen the things which remain, that are ready to die, for I have not found your works perfect before God. Remember therefore how you have received and heard; hold fast and repent. Therefore if you will not watch, I will come upon you as a thief, and you will not know what hour I will come upon you (Rev. 3:2-3+).|
|Promises||You have a few names even in Sardis who have not defiled their garments; and they shall walk with Me in white, for they are worthy. He who overcomes shall be clothed in white garments, and I will not blot out his name from the Book of Life; but I will confess his name before My Father and before His angels (Rev. 3:4-6+).|
1 “[Some] have derived it from the Hebrew, and have assigned it the signification of remnant, or an escaped few.”—J. A. Seiss, The Apocalypse: Lectures on the Book of Revelation (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House, 1966), 71.
2 J. Dwight Pentecost, Things to Come: A Study in Biblical Eschatology (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House, 1958), 152.
4 Jerome Smith, The New Treasury of Scripture Knowledge (Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1992), Rev. 3:1.